The ongoing debate in the software industry about manual testing versus QA automation testing has persisted for years. While automation testing can save time, it's essential to understand that it cannot entirely replace manual testing. Quality software remains the ultimate goal for organizations of all sizes, and many invest substantial time and resources into creating sustainable and scalable test automation frameworks. A significant portion of software releases involves a commitment to providing thoroughly tested software.
While the idea of executing test cases may appear straightforward, building a QA automation framework involves several considerations. In this article, we will guide you through the process of creating a QA automation framework from scratch, providing valuable insights, and tips to consider.
In a typical Agile setup, the primary objective of a Quality Assurance (QA) team is to detect and address bugs and issues within the software, ensuring that it meets predefined quality standards. QA automation, in essence, is the process of testing an application through automated test scripts, executed periodically to test the software before its release.
The practice of testing is essentially an art of dissecting code, and in recent years, there has been a notable increase in the adoption of automated tests within a typical CI/CD (Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment) setup. This strategic shift helps mitigate post-production issues and significantly enhances the quality of the final product.
Getting started with a QA automation framework
While a one-size-fits-all solution remains elusive in the software industry, striving for scalability and sustainability should be the focal point for any QA framework. The following are some key insights on how to initiate the automation of manual test cases while ensuring a well-suited QA infrastructure tailored to your organization's unique needs.
Determine the Right Automation Tool
When it comes to automation testing, the market offers a myriad of tools, ranging from open-source to paid options. However, choosing the right tool necessitates a careful evaluation.
The selection process primarily hinges on the nature of your organization's software application or that of your client. Additionally, the choice of programming language for developing test scripts plays a pivotal role in determining the appropriate automation tool. For instance, building a test framework with Java and TestNG may not be the ideal solution for testing ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) applications or software that handles extensive data volumes.
Scalability remains a critical factor, and when selecting a tool, it is imperative to consider the functionality and future development roadmaps of the application in question. Opt for a tool that can adapt to changing requirements. For instance, while opting for an open-source tool, be open to investing in support services if the need arises for creating frameworks and testing multiple versions of diverse mobile applications on various platforms and devices.
A common adage in the QA industry states that achieving 100% automation is an unattainable goal. Automation test frameworks should be strategically designed to alleviate the burden on manual QA engineers and save time by automating tests that require frequent attention.
Defining the scope at the outset of a proof of concept is a critical step. Factors such as team size, capacity, and budget should inform your decisions. Consider the capabilities of your team members and the time required for learning the framework and creating test cases.
Develop a Strategy
A robust QA automation strategy encompasses more than just an implementation plan. It should articulate the framework's structure, a clear timeline, and specifics about how the framework will be deployed. To create an effective QA framework, you must identify the type of framework that best suits your project. For example, a data-driven framework aligns well with applications dealing with vast data sets and tests involving database validation.
Identify the factors that render the framework scalable and document them. For instance, explore automation platforms such as SauceLabs, which facilitate testing of both web and mobile applications. Plan for flexibility in test cases and test suites, emphasizing the reuse of tests and components whenever possible. Create a long-term strategy for efficient test execution. Consider utilizing plugins and integrating with other tools to save time and produce high-quality scripts that execute swiftly.
Set Up the Environment
Undoubtedly, the most significant and crucial step in this process is the initial setup of the QA environment for test creation.
- Simplify the environment to closely mimic production data to reduce complexity.
- Set up test data that is specifically intended for the automation test suite.
- If feasible, integrate CI/CD into your workflow.
- Develop comprehensive documentation for both the setup and test execution.
- Account for parallel testing and the execution of multiple scenarios and tests.
Create and Implement Automation Tests
Once the test environment is established, create a structured test plan, including a substantial number of test cases. The creation of tests should align with the type of testing required. For instance, design separate tests for regression, smoke, end-to-end, and integration testing, among others. Avoid fixating on the quantity of automated tests; what matters is their reusability for future versions of the application or across different platforms.
Execute the tests according to the test suite plan. Prioritize running regression tests before each release, targeting various platforms and devices to minimize post-release issues.
Reporting and Maintenance
A robust test automation framework should include a reporting tool that provides insights into the number of passed and failed test scripts following each execution. Select a plugin or tool that offers valuable insights based on test results. These reports significantly impact software quality by identifying and addressing code issues in the early stages of development.
Paving the Way for Quality Software with Automation
While building a test automation framework from scratch may appear challenging initially, adhering to best practices in automation standards ensures the development of an effective and valuable framework, regardless of the application. This commitment to quality and efficiency not only benefits the end-users by ensuring a smoother and more reliable software experience but also positions organizations to adapt and thrive in the ever-evolving landscape of the software industry.